The BC Government’s new Lobbyists Transparency Act (2020) (LTA) has placed considerable burden on the not-for-profit sector, and smaller organizations including Chambers of Commerce/Boards of Trade. In addition, this legislation undermines the democratic process that enables organizations to lobby and advocate to government. It significantly constrains communications and collaboration with government on the impact of key decisions and direction on regulations, law, policy and programming.
Resourcing and support must be considered, in the context of the not-for-profit sector, recognizing that these are typically small organizations, with additional burden and differences related to organizational size and capacity for reporting compliance. With regards to Chambers of Commerce/Boards of Trade, their genesis was specifically to enable advocacy from SMEs to government, and require an exemption to much of the LTA. Government relies on advocacy and research to inform themselves of different issues impacting the economy and this Act decreases the ability for boards of trade/commerce to do that effectively, costing businesses and organizations time and money as additional resources are needed to follow the new administrative rules of the Lobbying Act.
Businesses that now have to register their activities as lobbyists are facing financial costs and consuming their time. These costs are prohibiting many crucial organizations from participating in the democratic process by informing government of issues.
On May 4, 2020 significant changes to British Columbia’s lobbyist registration regime came into effect with the latest reforms being both statutory and regulatory. BC’s Lobbyists Registration Amendment Act 2018 passed on November 26, 2018. The same day, the BC government published the Lobbyists Registration Regulation 2018. The provisions of the Act and Regulation were to come into force on May 4, 2020. The previous legislation was transformed to the Lobbyists Transparency Act 2020 and the new Lobbyist Transparency Regulation 2020.
The LTA applies to communications with public office holders at the provincial government level. This includes:
- A member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA) including members of Cabinet;
- Political staff of an MLA or member of Cabinet;
- An officer or employee of the government of British Columbia;
- An appointed person to any office or body with approval of Cabinet or on recommendation of the Legislative Assembly;
- Appointed person to any office or body with the approval of a minister of the government of British Columbia; and
- An officer, director, or employee of any government corporation as defined in the Financial Administration Act.
The new Act and Regulation significantly altered BC’s lobbyist registration rules summarized as follows:
- In house lobbying immediately triggers a registration obligation
- Applies to an organization (such as a corporation, trade union, a charity or a government other than the government of BC)
- The organization is required to file a return with the provincial Registrar of Lobbyists within 10 days after any of the organization’s paid employees, officers, or directors has become an in-house lobbyist by lobbying a provincial public office holders. The obligation to file falls on the organizations most senior paid officer.
- The Act eliminated the 100-hour threshold to register only when an organization has collectively devoted at least 100 hours annually to provincial lobbying.
- An exemption exists for small businesses and non-profits to permit paid employees, officers, and directors of organizations with fewer than six employees to lobby without registration provided the organizations lobbying activities have totaled fewer than 50 hours in the preceding 12 months.
- The above exemption does not apply to organizations whose primary purposes are to represent the interests of its members or to promote or oppose issues. i.e. small industry associations and advocacy organizations – unless the lobbying in question is not for either purpose.
- Consultant Lobbyists will only need to register after they start to lobby.
- Only one registration will be required.
- Lobbyists and organizations will need to provide more detail about their lobbying activities.
- Monthly returns will be required.
- Gifts to public office holders will be banned exception for gifts under the protocol or social obligations normally accompany duties and only to the extent that the total value of all such gifts in a 12-month period does not exceed $100 dollars.
- Greater Registrar Enforcement
- Penalties of up to $25,000 and the ability to impose a prohibition on lobbying and related activities of up to two years.
In addition to exceptions for smaller sized organizations as defined above, certain written submissions are permitted, and nonpaid volunteers of organizations can engage in lobbying.
Lobbying is considered to take place when: Your organization is trying to influence government decisions about legislation, regulations, a program, policy, directive or guideline, the award of a contract, grant, or financial benefit, or another matter set out in the Act’s definition of “lobby” (see Appendix)
Advocacy and Lobbying are essential to our society and the democratic process, to enable feedback from stakeholders, organizations and institutions in order that government can be responsive.
The not-for-profit sector and smaller organizations of all kinds (including membership and industry based opposing issues) should not be obligated to the same level of expectation and burdensome regulations as organizations that are for profit with bigger interests at stake, and/or larger in size with greater capacity.
Consideration should also be applied to organizations of all sizes based on whether they are representing sectors or cross sector with a broader societal impact, versus more narrowly focused company centered interests.
Additionally, given the above bureaucratic expectation to track and register what would be seen as a major part of Chambers/Boards’ operational plan (and has been for over 421 years of Chamber history);
THE CHAMBER RECOMMENDS
That the Provincial Government:
- Alleviate the degree of obligation under the Act for organizations if sector or cross sector-based vs singularly company focused:
- Update the definition of “small organization” under the Lobbyists Transparency Act 2020 from six employees or less to 20 employees or less.
- Only require the registration of an actual act of lobbying (letter, meeting, policy decision) upon completion, increase the 50-hour threshold to 200-hours for charities and not-for-profits, and eliminate the requirement for Chambers of Commerce and Boards of Trade altogether;
- Establish a more streamlined lobbying tracking report form and process; and
- Removing accumulated lobbying reporting requirements when working with other organizations.
3. Provide greater resources for education and training in the not-for-profit sector, small organizations and Chambers/Boards of Trade to understand the new Act and comply including on how to fulfill reporting requirements.
Appendix – Definitions
“lobby” subject to section 2(2) of the Lobby Transparency Act, means
- to communicate with a public office holder in an attempt to influence
- the development of any legislative proposal by the government of British Columbia, a Provincial entity or a member of the Legislative Assembly,
- the introduction, amendment, passage or defeat of any Bill or resolution in or before the Legislative Assembly,
- the development or enactment of any regulation, including the enactment of a regulation for the purposes of amending or repealing a regulation,
- the development, establishment, amendment or termination of any program, policy, directive or guideline of the government of British Columbia or a Provincial entity,
- the awarding, amendment or termination of any contract, grant or financial benefit by or on behalf of the government of British Columbia or a Provincial entity,
- a decision by the Executive Council or a member of the Executive Council to transfer from the Crown for consideration all or part of, or any interest in or asset of, any business, enterprise or institution that provides goods or services to the Crown, a Provincial entity or the public, or
- a decision by the Executive Council or a member of the Executive Council to have the private sector instead of the Crown provide goods or services to the government of British Columbia or a Provincial entity to arrange a meeting between a public office holder and any other individual for the purpose of attempting to influence any of the matters referred to in paragraph (a) of this definition
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